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10 Facts about HIV/AIDS everyone should know

10 Facts about HIV/AIDS everyone should know

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11 Facts about HIV/AIDS everyone should know

  • HIV/AIDS-Before we talking about facts, we should find out basic information about HIV/AIDS. Mode of transmission, treatment & many other things.

  • HIV-It is Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It’s is a condition where HIV damages Humans immune system. It is a fatal infection. This HIV attacks on immune system cells for Example-Helper T cells/CD4 cells, Macrophages & Dendritic cells.

  • HIV is RNA virus. There are 2 types of viruses, HIV 1 & HIV 2

  • HIV is sexually transmitted Diseases. It occurs via infected blood, Semen, Vaginal Discharge & Breast milk.

  • HIV/AIDS-AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV. There are other opportunistic infections occur in HIV which can lead to Chronic stage it includes Pneumonia, TB, Candidiasis, Cryptococcal Meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, lymphoma & Kaposi’s sarcoma.

  • There are 3 stages of HIV Stage 1-Acute stage, Stage 2-Chronic stage, Stage 3 -AIDS.

Let's find out facts about HIV/AIDS-

  1. In 1986 first HIV case diagnosed in Tamilnadu among female sex worker.HIV /AIDS not problem in just Africa or Asia but now its major problem all over the world. Globally 36.9million people are infected with HIV.HIV is more pandemic in Southern Africa.

  2. India has 3rd largest HIV epidemic in the world, with 2.1 million people living with HIV. Most affected population in India is among sex workers. In India, free antiretroviral treatment is available still uptake is low.

  3. The number of studies has reported that HIV prevalence is High in Truck Drivers in India. Around 0.2% of truck drivers are affected by HIV.

  4. Indian Government has committed prevention of mother to child transmission. Among Indians, there is stigma & discrimination for HIV patients.

  5. HIV viruses can lead to AIDS. In AIDS there is a drop of a CD4 count below 200. There is no cure & vaccination for HIV.

  6. If you feel like you are infected with HIV most experts recommend starting Antiretroviral therapy.

  7. HIV is most common between intravenous drug abusers. Around 6.3% Drug abusers in India are infected with HIV. It is also common between transgender.

  8. HIV Risk is high in Tattoo and body piercing due to needle sharing.

  9. HIV never spread by Mosquito, Sweat, Tears or Casual Contact. HIV transmission can occur only via Semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk & blood.

  10. Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram has the highest prevalence of HIV.

  11. Vast HIV/AIDS patients are Low or middle-income countries.

HIV is Non curable if you have anyone HIV positive around you treat them well.

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