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Top 5 most common Cancers in Women

Top 5 most common Cancers in Women

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Top 5 most common Cancers in Women

Cancer - In cancer cells divide uncontrollably. This abnormal cell growth, it spread through one part of the body to another part of the body.  

Signs and Symptoms of abnormal cell growth in the body

  • Abnormal bleeding

  • A lump

  • An abnormal Cough

  • Weight loss

  • Change in Digestion

There are more than 100 types of cancers can affect Human. Most common cancers in Women Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Lung Cancer, Ovarian cancer.

1. BREAST CANCER

A most common site for Breast Cancer is Upper outer Quadrant. In Case of Breast cancer, Investigation triple assessment is followed. It includes:

  • Clinical Examination - Patient is examined by a Doctor.

  • Radiological Examination - Mammography, Ultrasound, MRI of Breast

  • Pathological Imaging

Symptoms

  • Pain

  • Skin Irritation

  • Redness or Scaliness

  • Blood Discharge

  • Pus discharge

  • Change in Shape or Size of Breast

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes

  • Cough

  • Nausea

  • Shortness of Breath

  • Weight loss

Risk Factors

  • Family History
  • Drinking
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Radiation

2. CERVICAL CANCER

It is cancer of Cervix. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a causative agent in case of Cervical Cancer.

Symptoms

  • Bleeding

  • Pelvic Pain

Risk Factors

  • Smoking

  • Multiple Sex Partners

  • Long term use of Oral Contraceptives

  • Weak Immune System

Diagnose Cervical Cancer

Medical History & Family Medical History

Screening test - PAP smear test

3. ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

It arises from the lining of the endometrium of the uterus.

Symptoms

  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

  • Pain during urination

  • Pelvic pain

  • Pain during intercourse

Risk Factors

  • Obesity

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Diabetes type 2

  • Birth Control Pills

  • High level of Estrogen

  • Increasing age

  • Breast Cancer

Diagnosis

Physical examination by Doctor and it is diagnosed by Endometrial Biopsy.

Treatment

  • Surgery

  • Chemotherapy

  • Radiotherapy

  • Hormonal Therapy

4. OVARIAN CANCER

It begins at ovaries. It is the most common cancer in females above age 60. Ovarian cancer does not show any symptom at an early stage. The tumor can spread to other organs, muscles, and nerves in the late stage.

Symptoms

  • Frequent Urination

  • Bloating

  • Abnormal pain in Pelvic region

  • Constipation

  • Weight loss

  • Fatigue

  • Acne

Risk Factors

  • Genetics

  • Age,

  • Food Habits

  • Body size

  • Reproductive History

  • Personal medical history includes PCOD, Endometriosis

Treatment

It is depended upon Stage, age. It includes Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiotherapy.

5. LUNG CANCER

Lung carcinoma is a malignant tumour.

Symptoms

  • Blood in Sputum
  • Chest Pain
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of Breath

A major cause of Lung Cancer worldwide is Tobacco Smoking, Radiation and Air Pollution. Outdoor air pollutants like Carbon Monoxide, Asbestos is causing lung cancer.

Diagnosis

Chest X-ray is the first step in Lung cancer. Staging of lung cancer depends upon Spread of the tumour to the other organ.

Treatment

It includes Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy and Targeted Therapy

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